What is Web Hosting?
Web hosting is a service or online cloud storage which allows different organizations and businesses to host their websites on the internet. This web hosting is provided by different third-party companies and companies pay to these providers to use their hosting.
Locally, you store all of your data in the hard drives of your computer. You require hard drives or any other external storage devices such as USB to store your data.
In the same way, web hosting or website hosting is required to store all of the website’s data online. The computers or remote physical locations where your data is stored are called servers.
Every single website that you visit on the internet is hosted on some server. When any user wants to visit any website by typing the website’s address or domain name in search engine. The user’s computer is connected with the server on which the website is hosted and the user is able to see and visit the complete website.
How Does Web Hosting Work?
A server on which a website is hosted is a physical computer located somewhere in the world. This server runs 24/7 so that your website remains available to the users all the time whenever they visit.
One hosting provider company uses more than one server. If any single server is down due to some problem or maintenance, the websites still remain available due to the presence of other servers.
Its the responsibility of your hosting provider company to operate, manage, and control the servers and also make them available all the time. They also are responsible to prevent your website and data from severe attacks and transfer all of the files such as images, text, videos, etc. from their servers to user’s browsers.
Web hosting comes into place when you upload files from your local computer to your website on the web server. At this time, the server resources which contain (RAM, hard drive, and bandwidth) are allocated to your website.
Every time when you are planning to start a new website, you have to buy web hosting. There are different types of website hosting, you can choose which you need according to your requirements.
Types of Web Hosting
1. Shared Hosting (Shared Web Hosting)
Shared hosting is a type of web hosting in which a single physical server is controlling and hosting different websites. A single server deals with many websites.
It is the best option for starters, small business websites, and personal blogs.
Shared web hosting is available at low prices. But it can’t control too much traffic. If some good amount of traffic will come to the website, the loading speed may increase or the site may down. But as a beginner, always first go with this hosting so that you can experience all the things. After that when your website starts getting good traffic then you should go with higher plans.
2. VPS Hosting (Virtual Private Servers)
VPS also known as a virtual private server is the best solution than shared hosting.
In VPS, the server is still shared among different users but your website will get a separate partition on the server. You can also call this the middle man of shared web hosting and dedicated hosting.
In VPS hosting, you are provided with many resources such as RAM, processor, storage, and many other features. You get more customization options. As a result, you get fast performance from your website.
For medium-sized businesses, VPS web hosting is the best choice because it can control more traffic than the shared hosting.
3. Dedicated Server (Dedicated Hosting)
In dedicated hosting, you have your own dedicated server which is only dedicated to your website and no other website host on this server.
Dedicated hosting gives the website’s owner full control over the server who owns this dedicated server. Only his website is hosted on this server. In dedicated hosting, physical servers are given on rent, only owners operate and manage these servers.
It means maximum performance and fast running of the website. This server can control a huge amount of traffic without any problem.
The owner has full control over the server’s security and specifications. This is the most expensive type of web hosting and only those companies use this hosting who have a lot of traffic on their websites. This gives the companies more flexibility and control to manage the server according to their requirements and usage.
Above mentioned are the best web hosting and the most popular and most used types of web hosting. You must need to buy any web hosting if you want to launch your own website. If you are creating your own personal website or a personal blog, you can buy shared hosting. VPS and dedicated servers are the best choices for big organizations.